Vol.II September 2001
If you saw last year's first edition of Cool Stuff, you may
notice a change in format. We've decided to use this format to make the
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Enough of that! If you've read this far we're hoping that
you're still interested. Our main goal is to provide a resource to teachers in
reaching their objectives in the classroom. These objectives are based on the
national and state standards which continue to be emphasized in today's schools.
So let me tell you about my cool idea with the fire
trucks. By the way, this is not for the faint of heart or those who prefer their
eggs scrambled at breakfast...
Egg Drop?... maybe not
Egg Drop and
the Fire Department
can be a fun way to apply learned knowledge. Many physics and science teachers have
adopted the egg
drop contest. Where the students have to build a device that will keep an egg
from breaking after a big fall. The idea
here is for students to put into practice the concepts of gravity, acceleration,
and force. You'll be
amazed with the different ideas that the students come up with to
save their eggs. There are many variations on the rules, and
usually it’s a good idea to vary the rules from year to year.
Don't have a place high enough to drop the eggs?
Call the fire department. ( please
use the non-emergency phone number and not 911 :) They
can bring a ladder truck and take your devices up 20 meters or so over the
parking lot or a field. Call in
advance because you may have to go through some red tape, but normally the
department and the firefighters love doing it.
It is also an opportunity for publicity – for the school and for the
class. If you want more information on how to conduct this project, call me at
When talking about light and color, the
concept of color subtraction can be confusing to students. The idea of adding a
color as subtraction is kind of an oxymoron. One issue that comes up is
how color printers work (and color pictures in magazines).
A good color printer will use four colors of ink to make color photos:
magenta, cyan, yellow, and black. (Remember
that these are the primary subtractive colors.) The black is not always
necessary, but it improves the detail in darker parts of the image.
To get this point across in a concrete way, you can download these four
images, each with one color. Print
them onto transparencies. Put them
on top of each other one at a time on an overhead projector.
(You may not want to use the black print.) The color photo will come to life, right in front of their eyes.
Download of Color Transparencies:
The transparency files are loaded in a Zip file and will have to be unzipped. If
you don't have WinZip software, you can download it from: www.winzip.com.
If your using Mac, go to www.stuffit.com Once you have opened the zip file, you'll find the separated color images as
PowerPoint slides. Print as transparencies for use. (Be sure to print one slide
at a time and give them time to dry, when first printing on transparencies, they
Earth and Space Science and
the Helical Spring, "Snaky"
just for waves, anymore!
A commonly-known use of the snaky is to
teach about waves. It works great
for that, but did you know that you can teach Earth and Space Science with it
as well? For instance, you can
teach about the expansion of the universe and distance to galaxies (Hubble’s
Constant for you astronomy buffs.) Take
the snaky and put about five Post-It® notes or pieces of paper along
the length of it. It does not
matter exactly where they are. Pick
one of them to be the Earth. The
others are galaxies. With the snaky
held lightly between two people, measure the distances between the notes. Put a table of the distances on the board or overhead.
Have the two people holding the spring take a step backward.
Measure the distances again. Have
them take another step back. Measure
the distances again. With the table
that you now have, show that the galaxies that are farthest from the Earth are
moving away from the Earth the fastest (moved the most distance in the time). Try it again with the Earth in a different location.
It still works! The Earth does not have to be in the center.
about earthquakes and plate tectonics? Or
rebound theory? Attach the snaky to
a box or other weighty object. Put
the object on the floor (carpet works best).
Pull the snaky slowly to the side (You can grab the snaky in the middle).
If there is enough friction between the object and the floor, the object
will stick for a while, then suddenly move.
Keep going. It will jump,
again, but maybe not as much or more than before.
This shows that as the tectonic plates slide past each other, they stick.
When enough stress builds up, the plates suddenly move: an earthquake. Some
earthquakes are big, some are small. You
will need to find the right size, weight, and material for your box.
Otherwise, it will slide too easily or jump too much.
Cool Online Resources
My personal favorite website (well, at
least for now):
Lots of good interactive physics
Here’s an interesting site with lots
of good animations:
out the animation for centripetal vs. centrifugal force. (Thanks to Martin Hughes of the PHYSHARE
out the drinking bird site:
NASA would only use the Arbor Scientific air powered rocket propulsion system,
how many students would it take to pump the handle? To
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2001 Arbor Scientific