Vol.II September 2001

 

If you saw last year's first edition of Cool Stuff, you may notice a change in format. We've decided to use this format to make the "Cool Stuff" newsletter easily accessible without tying up your inbox. In that spirit, if this newsletter has found you by mistake and you would like to unsubscribe, please click here: [email protected]. and type "remove" in the subject line.

Enough of that! If you've read this far we're hoping that you're still interested. Our main goal is to provide a resource to teachers in reaching their objectives in the classroom. These objectives are based on the national and state standards which continue to be emphasized in today's schools. So let me tell you about my cool idea with the fire trucks. By the way, this is not for the faint of heart or those who prefer their eggs scrambled at breakfast...

 

911 Egg Drop?... maybe not

 

Egg Drop and the Fire Department         

Contests can be a fun way to apply learned knowledge. Many physics and science teachers have adopted the egg drop contest. Where the students have to build a device that will keep an egg from breaking after a big fall. The idea here is for students to put into practice the concepts of gravity, acceleration, and force. You'll be amazed with the different ideas that the students come up with to save their eggs. There are many variations on the rules, and usually it’s a good idea to vary the rules from year to year.  Don't have a place high enough to drop the eggs?  Call the fire department. ( please use the non-emergency phone number and not 911 :) They can bring a ladder truck and take your devices up 20 meters or so over the parking lot or a field.  Call in advance because you may have to go through some red tape, but normally the department and the firefighters love doing it.  It is also an opportunity for publicity – for the school and for the class. If you want more information on how to conduct this project, call me at 1-800-367-6695.

Color Construction-Studying Color Subtraction

When talking about light and color, the concept of color subtraction can be confusing to students. The idea of adding a color as subtraction is kind of an oxymoron.  One issue that comes up is how color printers work (and color pictures in magazines).  A good color printer will use four colors of ink to make color photos: magenta, cyan, yellow, and black.  (Remember that these are the primary subtractive colors.) The black is not always necessary, but it improves the detail in darker parts of the image.  To get this point across in a concrete way, you can download these four images, each with one color.  Print them onto transparencies.  Put them on top of each other one at a time on an overhead projector.  (You may not want to use the black print.)  The color photo will come to life, right in front of their eyes.

Free Download of Color Transparencies:  

Instructions: The transparency files are loaded in a Zip file and will have to be unzipped. If you don't have WinZip software, you can download it from: www.winzip.com. If your using Mac, go to www.stuffit.com Once you have opened the zip file, you'll find the separated color images as PowerPoint slides. Print as transparencies for use. (Be sure to print one slide at a time and give them time to dry, when first printing on transparencies, they smear easily)

Earth and Space Science and the Helical Spring, "Snaky"

Not just for waves, anymore!

 

A commonly-known use of the snaky is to teach about waves.  It works great for that, but did you know that you can teach Earth and Space Science with it as well?  For instance, you can teach about the expansion of the universe and distance to galaxies (Hubble’s Constant for you astronomy buffs.)  Take the snaky and put about five Post-It® notes or pieces of paper along the length of it.  It does not matter exactly where they are.  Pick one of them to be the Earth.  The others are galaxies.  With the snaky held lightly between two people, measure the distances between the notes.  Put a table of the distances on the board or overhead.  Have the two people holding the spring take a step backward.  Measure the distances again.  Have them take another step back.  Measure the distances again.  With the table that you now have, show that the galaxies that are farthest from the Earth are moving away from the Earth the fastest (moved the most distance in the time).  Try it again with the Earth in a different location.  It still works!  The Earth does not have to be in the center.

How about earthquakes and plate tectonics?  Or demonstrate Elastic rebound theory?  Attach the snaky to a box or other weighty object.  Put the object on the floor (carpet works best).  Pull the snaky slowly to the side (You can grab the snaky in the middle).  If there is enough friction between the object and the floor, the object will stick for a while, then suddenly move.  Keep going.  It will jump, again, but maybe not as much or more than before.  This shows that as the tectonic plates slide past each other, they stick.  When enough stress builds up, the plates suddenly move: an earthquake.  Some earthquakes are big, some are small.  You will need to find the right size, weight, and material for your box.  Otherwise, it will slide too easily or jump too much.

Cool Online Resources

California Standards

http://goldmine.cde.ca.gov/board/

My personal favorite website (well, at least for now):

www.explorescience.com

Lots of good interactive physics activities/demos.

 

Here’s an interesting site with lots of good animations:

http://www.sciencejoywagon.com/physicszone/default.htm

Check out the animation for centripetal vs. centrifugal force.  (Thanks to Martin Hughes of the PHYSHARE list!)

 

Check out the drinking bird site:

http://home.nc.rr.com/nothingness/drinkybird.html  

Next Issue:

Air Powered Projectiles....if NASA would only use the Arbor Scientific air powered rocket propulsion system, how many students would it take to pump the handle? To be continued......

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