Chemical Composition: Our Borosilicate glassware is manufactured from low-expansion Type 1, Class A Borosilicate 3.3 glass that complies with ASTM E438 Standard Specification for Glasses in Laboratory Apparatus. It is low alkali glass with a typical chemical composition of approximately 81% silica, 13% boric oxide, 4% sodium oxide, and 2% aluminum oxide. It is virtually free of magnesia-lime-zinc group, and contains only traces of heavy metals.
Thermal Properties: Borosilicate glass has a low coefficient of thermal expansion. Therefore, the thermal stresses under a given temperature gradient are low, and the glass can withstand higher temperature gradients as well as sudden temperature changes / thermal shocks. However, even minute scratching of glass surface can reduce its thermal resistance. The 'Strain Point' (about 500°C) is generally recommended as the maximum safe operating temperature for United glassware. The glass may acquire permanent stresses upon cooling if it is heated above 500°C. Our glassware is annealed in modern ovens under strictly controlled conditions to ensure minimal residual stress.