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# Boat & Rock Demo

Item # P1-1025

Arbor Scientific

P1-1025

18111780749385

The Boat & Rock demo is ideal for teaching the relationship between buoyancy and density. Use it to help simplify these concepts and provide your students with a visual demonstration of Archimedes' principle, fundamental to fluid mechanics.

As a simple demonstration of Archimedes' principle, put the included masses in the boat, and observe how the boat goes farther down into the water, and water overflows through the tube and into the container. Then, weigh the overflow water and find out that the water's weight is the same as the weight of the masses. The Boat & Rock Demo is included in our NSTA High School Physics Kit 2 (PK-0110) as part of the buoyancy lesson. The following is an excerpt from Using Physics Gadgets and Gizmos, Grades 9-12: Phenomenon-Based Learning that demonstrates classroom application of the Boat & Rock Demo:

The Boat & Rock (i.e. weight) activity explores the buoyancy that results from the pressure in a fluid. The weight of fluid makes the pressure higher as you go deeper. For an object in the fluid, the bottom of the object is lower and will therefore have a higher pressure on it than the top of the object. Therefore, there will be a greater force upward on the bottom of the object than downward on the top of the object. The net force from the water (which is the difference in pressure between the top and bottom) is an upward force — in the opposite direction of gravity. That force is called buoyancy. If an object is floating, the buoyancy equals the weight of the object. Buoyancy can be calculated with Archimedes’ principle: An object immersed in a fluid is buoyed up with a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. This means that the displaced water in the "Rock the Boat" exploration should have a mass equal to that of the boat plus the rock (or in this case, the weight).

The weight doesn’t float because its density is greater than the water’s density. The combined boat and rock displace water from the container such that the weight of the displaced water is equal to the weight of the boat and mass. When the rock is moved into the water, two things happen: (1) The rock displaces an amount of water with the same volume as the mass. That would make the water level in the container rise a little. (2) At the same time, the boat rises up in the water (i.e., has less draft) because the weight of the rock is no longer causing additional water to be displaced. This makes the water level go down. So now the question is, which is greater — the amount the water goes up because of (1) or the amount that the water goes down because of (2)? The amount of water no longer displaced (as described in [2]) had a weight equal to the weight of the rock. Since the rock is denser than water, this amount of water — having weight equal to the weight of the rock — must have a greater volume than the rock. So the amount by which the water level goes down due to (2) is greater than the amount the water level rises due to (1), and the net effect is that the water level in the container goes down.

Source: Bobrowsky, M., M. Korhonen, and J. Kohtamäki. 2014. Using physics gadgets and gizmos, grades 9–12: Phenomenon-based learning, pp. 112–113. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press. Reprinted with permission from the publisher.

**What's Included:**

2 100g masses

Plastic boat

Plastic container with drain tube

Plastic overflow container

Products being sold are not toys. They are for Educational / Labratory use only. They are not for use by children 12 and under.